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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia

    This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

    • Wildlife anthrax in Namibia

    • Cholera in Zambia

    • Plague in Madagascar

    • Dengue fever in Burkina Faso

    • Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.

    For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

    A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new and ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region, as well as events that have recently been closed.

    Major challenges include:

    • The outbreak of anthrax in wildlife occurring in Namibia could have serious public health consequences in the country and the subregion, and therefore needs to be handled diligently using the One Health approach.

    • The ongoing outbreak of bubonic and pneumonic plague in Madagascar remains a challenge as it continues to attract global public health concerns.

    • The humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including the cholera outbreak has continued to deteriorate and therefore demands particular global attention.


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    Source: European Union
    Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, China - Macau (Special Administrative Region), China - Taiwan Province, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, occupied Palestinian territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.

    2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.

    This report gives a broad picture of the EU's human rights efforts towards third countries in 2016, and encompasses two parts: The first part is thematic, and pays particular attention to the human rights approach to conflicts and crises, main human rights challenges and human rights throughout EU external policies. The second part is geographical and covers EU actions in third countries, thus mapping in detail the human rights situation across the globe.


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    Source: UN General Assembly
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe

    Summary

    The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/167 and outlines the work and achievements of the Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa from 1 August 2015 to 31 July 2017. The report also describes the particular challenges facing the Centre and opportunities for further engagement in the subregion.

    I. Introduction

    1. The Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa was established in 2001 at the request of the member States of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), pursuant to a resolution adopted by the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa at its fourth meeting, held in Yaoundé in April 1994, and resolutions 53/78 A and 54/55 A of the General Assembly.

    2. The Centre also operates as the regional office for Central Africa of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), covering 10 member States of ECCAS (Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe). In accordance with its mandate, the Centre works for the promotion and protection of human rights and democracy through advocacy, dialogue and the provision of technical assistance and advisory services to Governments, parliaments, United Nations country teams, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, the media and other partners.

    3. The present report focuses on the activities and achievements of the Centre in Cameroon, the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Sao Tome and Principe. The type of field presence of OHCHR in other countries of the subregion varies, as does its reporting mandates: there is a human rights component in the peace missions in the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo; human rights advisers are present in Rwanda and Chad; and there is a country office in Burundi. The report does not describe the major political, peace and security developments in Central Africa, which are covered elsewhere (see S/2017/465). In addition, the human rights situation in some countries of the subregion is addressed in reports prepared by the human rights components of the peace missions, the human rights advisers and the country office.

    II. Main human rights developments in the subregion

    4. Two countries of the subregion, Cameroon and Chad, continued to be affected to varying degrees by the Boko Haram insurgency that has prevailed in the Lake Chad Basin area since 2013. Despite the significant progress made by the countries concerned in the fight against the insurgency, the population has continued to suffer under the attacks of Boko Haram and related counterinsurgency measures. A range of fundamental human rights and freedoms have been infringed in that context, notably the rights to life and security of the person; to freedom of expression and opinion, association, peaceful assembly and religion; and to adequate housing, food and education.

    5. The Centre continued to advocate that counterterrorism measures must comply with international human rights norms. While a moratorium on the death penalty had been observed for more than two decades in Cameroon and Chad, their anti-terrorism legislation, adopted in 2014 and 2015, respectively, includes the death penalty for the perpetrators of terrorist acts. In July 2015, the suspected perpetrators of the terrorist attacks carried out in N’Djamena in June 2015 were executed following a speedy trial and before the period of time allowed for the exercise of the right to appeal had elapsed, which may have amounted to a violation of fair trial guarantees. In general, however, the trial proceedings involving suspects of terrorism remained slow in both countries.

    6. During the period under review, the human rights situation in the five countries that are the focus of the present report was affected by the presidential elections held in several countries. While elections were held in a relatively peaceful environment in the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome and Principe, the elections held in Chad, the Congo and Gabon were marked by disputed results and post-election violence, which led to human rights violations in the last two countries. In addition, the exercise of freedom of opinion and expression, particularly for trade unions and human rights organizations, and freedom of association and peaceful assembly were hindered in the context of the electoral processes in Chad, the Congo and Gabon; for example, Internet services were interrupted and social media were blocked by the authorities during the electoral periods. In some cases, freedom of movement was restrained by measures taken by the authorities to deal with the post-election violence. While some countries expressed a commitment to improving the political participation of women and other groups that typically face discrimination in political life, no concrete measures were taken in that regard in terms of legislation or policies.

    7. In the English-speaking north-west and south-west regions of Cameroon, protests by lawyers and teachers denouncing alleged marginalization and the attempted erosion of the common law system and of the education system were at times met with heavy-handed responses by security forces, including alleged serious human rights violations. Since the crisis broke out in October and November 2016, courts and many schools have remained closed in the two regions. In December 2016, the crisis degenerated and calls for protests, including cases of civil disobedience, and strikes by the Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium were largely followed by the population of the two regions. In an attempt to contain the protests, the Government banned the Consortium and all other associated groups, including those calling for secession, and cut off Internet access in the two regions for nearly three months. Some leaders of the protests were arrested and put on trial at the military court of Yaoundé under the anti-terrorism law of 2014, while others went into hiding or fled the country. Concerns about the trial of civilians by a military court have been raised by OHCHR, other United Nations system entities and special procedures of the Human Rights Council through letters and urgent appeals to the Government of Cameroon and public statements.

    8. On 30 August, the President ordered the release of the detained leaders and members of the Anglophone community. In a statement issued the same day, the Secretary-General welcomed the decision, expressing the hope that this step would lead to a further lowering of tensions and the strengthening of political dialogue. He also encouraged the authorities to pursue their efforts to address the grievances of the Anglophone community and promote measures of national reconciliation to find a durable solution to the crisis. The Secretary-General reiterated the readiness of the United Nations to continue to support such efforts.


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    Source: UN General Assembly
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe

    Résumé

    Le présent rapport, soumis en application de la résolution 70/167 de l’Assemblée générale, rend compte des travaux et réalisations du Centre sous-régional des droits de l’homme et de la démocratie en Afrique centrale entre le 1er août 2015 et le 31 juillet 2017. Le rapport décrit également les difficultés spécifiques rencontrées par le Centre ainsi que les possibilités de s’engager davantage dans la sous-région.

    I. Introduction

    1. Le Centre sous-régional des droits de l’homme et de la démocratie en Afrique centrale a été créé en 2001 à la demande des États membres de la Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique centrale (CEEAC), en application d’une résolution adoptée par le Comité consultatif permanent des Nations Unies chargé des questions de sécurité en Afrique centrale à sa 4e séance, tenue à Yaoundé en avril 1994, et des résolutions 53/78A et 54/55A de l’Assemblée générale.

    2. Le Centre fait également office de bureau régional pour l’Afrique centrale du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme (HCDH), couvrant 10 États membres de la CEEAC: Burundi, Cameroun, Congo, Gabon, Guinée équatoriale, République centrafricaine, République du Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tomé-et-Principe et Tchad. Conformément à son mandat, le Centre s’emploie à promouvoir et à protéger les droits de l’homme et la démocratie par la voie du dialogue et au moyen d’activités de sensibilisation et de services consultatifs et d’assistance technique à l’intention des gouvernements, des parlements, des équipes de pays des Nations Unies, des institutions nationales des droits de l’homme, des organisations de la société civile, des médias et d’autres partenaires.

    3. Le présent rapport porte sur les activités et les réalisations du Centre au Cameroun, au Congo, au Gabon, en Guinée équatoriale et à Sao Tomé-et-Principe. Les types de présence sur le terrain du HCDH dans les autres pays de la sous-région varient, de même que l’obligation de ces entités en matière d’établissement de rapports : les missions de maintien de la paix en République centrafricaine et en République démocratique du Congo comprennent une composante Droits de l’homme, des conseillers pour les droits de l’homme sont présents au Rwanda et au Tchad et un bureau de pays est installé au Burundi. Le présent rapport ne traite pas des principales évolutions de la situation en matière de politique, de paix et de sécurité en Afrique centrale, lequelles font l’objet d’un autre rapport (voir S/2017/465). En outre, la situation des droits de l’homme dans certains pays de la sous-région est traitée dans des rapports distincts établis par les composantes Droits de l’homme des missions de maintien de la paix, les conseillers pour les droits de l’homme et le bureau de pays.

    II. Aperçu de l’évolution de la situation en matière de droits de l’homme dans la sous-région

    4. Deux pays de la sous-région (le Cameroun et le Tchad) sont encore touchés à des degrés divers par l’insurrection menée par Boko Haram dans la région du bassin du lac Tchad depuis 2013. Bien que les pays touchés aient enregistré de réelles avancées dans leur lutte contre l’insurrection, la population continue de subir les attaques de Boko Haram et de souffrir des mesures anti-insurrectionnelles prises pour les combattre. Dans ce contexte, nombre de libertés et droits fondamentaux ont été violés, notamment le droit à la vie et à la sûreté de la personne, la liberté d’expression et d’opinion, d’association, de réunion pacifique et de religion, le droit à un logement suffisant, à une alimentation adéquate et à l’éducation.

    5. Le Centre continue de plaider pour que les mesures de lutte contre le terrorisme adoptées soient conformes aux normes internationales en matière de droits de l’homme. Bien qu’un moratoire sur la peine de mort ait été appliqué pendant plus de 20 ans au Cameroun et au Tchad, les lois antiterroristes que ces pays ont adoptées en 2014 et 2015, respectivement, prévoient la peine de mort pour les auteurs d’actes terroristes. En juillet 2015, les auteurs présumés des attentats terroristes perpétrés en juin 2015 à N’Djamena ont été exécutés après un procès expéditif et avant l’expiration du délai imparti aux suspects pour exercer leur droit de faire appel, ce qui pourrait constituer une violation de la garantie d’un procès équitable. En général, toutefois, les procès des personnes soupçonnées de terrorisme sont restés lents dans les deux pays.

    6. Pendant la période considérée, la situation des droits de l’homme dans les cinq pays dont traite le présent rapport a subi le contrecoup des élections présidentielles dans plusieurs pays. Si celles-ci se sont déroulées dans un climat relativement paisible en République centrafricaine, en Guinée équatoriale et à Sao Tomé-et-Principe, les résultats des élections ont été contestés au Tchad, au Congo et au Gabon, ce qui a entraîné des violences postélectorales et a donné lieu, dans ces deux derniers pays, à des violations des droits de l’homme. En outre, l’exercice de la liberté d’opinion et d’expression, en particulier celle des syndicats et des organisations de défense des droits de l’homme, ainsi que l’exercice des libertés d’association et de réunion pacifique a été restreint au Tchad, au Congo et au Gabon pendant la période des élections. Les gouvernements ont, par exemple, suspendu l’accès aux services d’Internet et bloqué les médias sociaux pendant les élections. Dans certains cas, la liberté de circulation a été restreinte dans le cadre des mesures prises par les autorités pour lutter contre les violences postélectorales. Même si certains pays se sont engagés à accroître la participation des femmes et des autres groupes généralement victimes de discrimination à la vie politique, aucune mesure concrète n’a été prise à cet effet sur le plan juridique ou politique.

    7. Dans les régions anglophones du Nord-Ouest et du Sud-Ouest du Cameroun, les manifestations d’avocats et de professeurs dénonçant ce qu’ils considèrent comme une marginalisation et une tentative d’érosion du système de common law et du système éducatif se sont parfois heurtées à des réactions brutales de la part des forces de sécurité, qui se seraient livrées à de graves violations des droits de l’homme. Depuis que la crise a éclaté en octobre et novembre 2016, des tribunaux et de nombreuses écoles sont restés fermés dans les deux régions. En décembre 2016, la crise a dégénéré et la population des deux régions a largement suivi les appels à manifester, notamment par la désobéissance civile, et à faire grève lancés par le consortium de la société civile anglophone. Pour tenter de contenir les manifestations, le Gouvernement a interdit le consortium et tous les groupes connexes, notamment ceux appelant à faire sécession, et a bloqué l’accès à l’Internet dans les deux régions pendant près de trois mois. Certains organisateurs ont été arrêtés et jugés par le tribunal militaire de Yaoundé en vertu de la loi antiterroriste de 2014, tandis que d’autres sont entrés dans la clandestinité ou ont fui le pays. Dans des lettres et appels urgents adressés au Gouvernement camerounais, ainsi que dans des déclarations publiques, le Haut-Commissariat aux droits de l’homme et d’autres entités du système des Nations Unies et les titulaires de mandats au titre des procédures spéciales du Conseil des droits de l’homme ont exprimé leur inquiétude quant au fait que des civils soient jugés par un tribunal militaire.

    8. Le 30 août, le Président Paul Biya a ordonné la libération des responsables et des membres de la communauté anglophone alors en détention. Dans une déclaration publiée le même jour, le Secrétaire général a accueilli cette décision avec satisfaction et souhaité que cette mesure apaise encore les tensions et mène à un dialogue politique approfondi. Il a également invité les autorités à continuer de répondre aux doléances de la communauté anglophone et à promouvoir des mesures de réconciliation nationale pour trouver une solution durable à la crise. Il a par ailleurs réaffirmé que l’Organisation des Nations Unies se tenait prête à soutenir ces efforts.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

    UNHCR in 2017 – by the numbers

    As of September 2017, UNHCR’s budget is at an historic high of $7.763 billion, which is currently 46% funded

    This growth is concurrent with the unabated levels of global displacement, with 67.7 million people of concern to UNHCR worldwide.

    The funding gap is widening, now standing at 54%. Based on indications received from donors and analysis of funding trends, UNHCR estimates the gap may reduce to 47% by year’s end.

    A 54% funding gap corresponds to $4.4 billion, which would have a devastating impact on people on concern and require UNHCR to radically prioritize its support for critical needs.

    In terms of fresh income in 2017, UNHCR has recorded $3,313,601,144 in voluntary contributions as of the middle of September. This is virtually the same amount as was received at the same time last year, despite the increase in requirements from 2016 to 2017 by 12 per cent. The lion’s share of funding—91 per cent (see below)—has come from 21 donors, including private funding channelled through two of UNHCR’s National Partners (in Spain and the USA).


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan

    2,485 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers supported in Kamanyola, South Kivu.

    10,921 Rwandan refugees repatriated from DRC in 2017

    Over 1,000 newly arrived South Sudanese refugees registered in DRC in September.

    Main Activities

    Refugees from Burundi

    • A UNHCR team has been deployed to respond to the needs of 2,485 refugees and asylum seekers sheltered in a field behind the MONUSCO Base following the killing of 39 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers in Kamanyola (South Kivu).
    • The temporary site in Kamanyola was connected to the local conveyance water structure. MONUSCO is facilitating the transport of water every day for washing.
    • 600 plastic tarpaulins were distributed to the group in Kamanyola.
    • UNHCR transported 1250 blankets, 1250 mats and 260kg of soap to Kamanyola. Distribution is planned as soon as the registration lists are finalised.
    • Level 1 registration of 2,485 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers was finalised on 30 September.
    • Works on Mulongwe site was on halt in the last week of September due to the presence of armed groups in Fizi and Uvira territories.
    • In September, 427 refugees were registered. 511 new arrivals were admitted in transit centres.
    • A group of 157 refugees (34 households) were relocated from the Transit Centre Kavimvira to Lusenda camp.
    • For the food fair of September, WFP organised monetary transfers on the electronic SCOPE cards for the buying of food supplies to 26,636 refugees.
    • The mass vaccination campaign against measles, funded by the UNHCR, in 12 health zones surrounding the Lusenda camp was finalised. 55,671 children between 0 and 15 years were vaccinated.

    Refugees from South Sudan

    • In September, more than 1,000 newly arrived South Sudanese refugees were biometrically registered at Meri and Biringi refugee sites.
    • Almost 10,000 families received their monthly cash grants at Meri and Biringi sites, allowing them to purchase goods according to their own needs and priorities.
    • In Dungu territory, flour, cooking oil, beans and salt were distributed to 5,240 refugees in Dungu Centre, Duru, Doruma, Bitima and Mogoroko.
    • UNHCR significantly increased its support for school fees, uniforms and school supplies. UNHCR covers the expenses for 6,085 primary school-aged refugee children and 800 children from the local communities for the current academic year.
    • 350 refugee children started their three-month French induction language classes at the Biringi site, preparing them to integrate into the Congolese public school system.

    Refugees from Central African Republic

    • H. R. H. the Princess of Hanover visited Gbadolite on 26 September to launch the project “Dignité pour les femmes”. This project aims at improving the access to sanitary pads for vulnerable populations. Both refugees and host community will benefit from the project. .
    • From 13 to 24 September, an inter-agency mission (UNHCR, WHO, IMA, World Vision, DRC Red Cross, ADES and provincial division for Health) assessed the situation in the Health Zones of Gbadolite, Mobayi Mbongo and Yakoma, where new arrivals are settled.
    • UNHCR facilitated transport of drugs and medical equipment donated by World Health Organisation (WHO) to health zones of Gbadolite, Mobayi Mbongo and Yakoma. This will benefit both refugee and host community.
    • From 17 to 19 September, UNHCR distributed mats, mosquito nets, jerry cans, kitchen sets and plastic sheets through its partner ADSSE to 4,731 new arrivals in the area of Ndu, (Bas-Uele province). They had to be transported by bicycles for over 100 km due to the lack of roads in the area.
    • In Mole camp, medical partner ADES distributed treated mosquito nets and buckets to 113 refugee and local women engaged in income generating activities, as well as to 396 persons with specific needs.

    Refugees from Rwanda

    • The total number of voluntary repatriations from DRC to Rwanda in 2017 stands at 10,921 as of 30 September. The operation in North Kivu will increase the size of convoys to Rwanda from 150 to 250 candidates.

    Internally displaced persons:.

    • UNHCR led coordination of Protection actors under the Protection Cluster in Kasai and Kasai Central provinces.

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan

    2.485 réfugiés burundais et demandeurs d’asile assistés à Kamanyola, Sud-Kivu.

    10.921 réfugiés rwandais rapatriés en 2017

    Plus de 1.000 réfugiés sudsoudanais nouvellement arrivés en RDC, enregistrés en septembre

    Activités Principales

    Réfugiés du Burundi

    • Une équipe du HCR a été déployée pour répondre aux besoins de 2.485 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile abrités derrière la base de la MONUSCO après la tuerie de 39 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile burundais à Kamanyola (Sud-Kivu).
    • Le site temporaire de Kamanyola a été connecté au réseau local d’adduction d’eau. La MONUSCO transporte l’eau tous les jours pour les besoins ménagers.
    • 600 bâches ont été distribuées au groupe à Kamanyola.
    • Le HCR a transporté 1250 couvertures, 1250 nattes et 260 Kg de savon à Kamanyola. La distribution interviendra lorsque les listes de l’enregistrement seront finalisées.
    • L’enregistrement de niveau 1 de 2.485 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile burundais a été clôturé le 30 septembre.
    • Les travaux sur le site de Mulongwe ont été arrêtés la dernière semaine de septembre à cause de la présence des groupes armés dans les territoires de Fizi et Uvira.
    • En septembre, 427 réfugiés ont été enregistrés. 511 nouveaux réfugiés ont été admis aux centres de transit.
    • Un groupe de 157 réfugiés (34 ménages) ont été relocalisés du centre de transit de Kavimvira au camp de Lusenda.
    • Pour la foire agricole de septembre, le PAM a organisé des transferts monétaires sur les cartes électroniques SCOPE pour les achats au profit de 26.636 réfugiés.
    • La campagne de vaccination de masse contre la rougeole, financée par le HCR, dans 12 zones de santé autour du camp de Lusenda a atteint 55.671 enfants de 0 à 15 ans.

    Réfugiés du Soudan du Sud

    • En septembre, plus de 1.000 nouveaux réfugiés sud-soudanais ont été enregistrés avec la biométrie sur les sites de Meri et Biringi.
    • Près de 10.000 familles ont reçu des allocations financières sur les sites de Meri et Biringi, afin de s’approvisionner en articles de leur choix selon leur priorité.
    • 5.240 réfugiés ont reçu de la farine, de l’huile végétale, des pois et du sel dans les localités de Dungu Centre, Duru, Doruma, Bitima and Mogoroko.
    • Le HCR a augmenté son assistance relative aux frais scolaires, aux uniformes et les objets classiques. Pour cette année scolaire le HCR prend en charge les frais pour 6.085 enfants réfugiés et 800 enfants de la communauté locale en âge scolaire.
    • 350 enfants réfugiés ont commencé des cours d’apprentissage du Français sur le site de Biringi, en vue de leur intégration au système scolaire congolais. Réfugiés de la République Centrafricaine
    • S.A.R. la Princesse de Hanover a visité Gbadolite le 26 septembre pour lancer le projet “Dignité pour les femmes”. Ce projet vise l’amélioration de l’accès aux serviettes hygiéniques aux populations vulnérables. Les réfugiés et la communauté locale bénéficieront de ce projet.
    • Du 13 au 24 septembre, une mission inter agencies (HCR, OMS, IMA, World Vision, Croix Rouge RDC, ADES et la division provinciale de la santé) ont évalué la situation dans les zones de santé de Gbadolite, Mobayi Mbongo et Yakoma, où s’installent les nouveaux réfugiés.
    • Le HCR a facilité le transport des médicaments et équipements médicaux donnés par l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) aux zones de santé de Gbadolite, Mobayi Mbongo et Yakoma. Les réfugiés et la communauté locale en bénéficieront.
    • De 17 au 19 septembre, le HCR a distribué des nattes, des moustiquaires, des jerricans, des ustensiles de cuisine et des bâches à travers son partenaire ADSSE à 4.731 nouveaux réfugiés dans la zone de Ndu, (Province de Bas-Uele). Ces articles ont été transportés par vélo sur plus de 100 Km faute de routes dans la zone.
    • Au camp de Mole, le partenaire ADES a distribué des moustiquaires imprégnés et des seaux à 113 femmes réfugiées et autochtones engagées dans les activités génératrices de revenu, ainsi qu’à 396 personnes avec des besoins spécifiques.

    Réfugiés du Rwanda

    • Depuis le début de l’année, 10.921 réfugiés rwandais ont été rapatriés au 30 septembre. Au Nord-Kivu la taille de convoi va augmenter passant de 150 à 250 candidats.

    Déplacés internes

    • Le HCR est à la tête de la coordination des acteurs de Protection sous le Protection Cluster dans les provinces de Kasai et Kasai Central.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    The West and Central Africa region has experienced severe flooding in the 2017 rainy season, causing significant material and human casualties. A combination of swollen rivers and high impact incidents has led to destruction of infrastructure and agricultural assets, population displacement, and complications for access and relief assistance. Rainfall forecasts through December indicate near to above the seasonal average in extreme eastern Congo and west of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and very likely above-average rainfall over most of the Cameroonian and Equatorial-Guinean coasts, north-eastern DRC, and the extreme south-east of Central African Republic (CAR). High impact flood incidents are profiled below.

    Niger

    As of 5 October, the Government of Niger estimated that 206,513 people had been affected by flooding in the country, including 56 deaths. Approximately 12,000 houses have been damaged, 16,000 heads of cattle perished and 9,800 hectares of cultivated land lost. With strong support of humanitarian partners, the Government distributed 332,350 tons of cereals and about 2,000 shelters to affected people country-wide.

    Nigeria

    Weeks of torrential rainfall led to flash floods, discharges and river overflowing in Benue State, north-central Nigeria, affecting more than 100,000 people across 21 local government areas in the state. The Nigerian Red Cross provided immediate response of food and non-food items.
    A displacement site which was set up by the State Government and the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) was closed on 9 October and flood victims provided with transport fare to return home.

    Burkina Faso

    12 of 13 regions and 30,862 people in Burkina Faso have been impacted by flooding and violent winds, according to the national disaster management agency SP/CONASUR.
    Severely affected provinces included Gnagna (7,527 people affected) Gourma (4,508), Bam (3,896) and Namentenga (3,401). As of 16 October, 12 fatalities were reported, as well as substantial material damage including the loss of 214 tons of food and destruction of 5,256 houses. Affected people, in particularly the displaced, have received emergency assistance in the form of food and non-food supplies through local structures of SP/CONASUR.

    Guinea

    On 21 August overnight torrential rain caused a hillside rubbish dump to collapse in Conakry, killing 10. The country was also impacted by flooding in the Prefecture of Nzerekore, following heavy rainfall on 4 July (IFRC). Joint Red Cross / Government assessments indicated that 3,274 people were affected, in areas that had suffered previously from the Ebola crisis.

    Mali

    More than 11,000 people have been affected by floods since the beginning of the rainy season in June, primarily in the north. As of 27 September, 3 deaths have been reported (Segou region), more than 1,200 houses destroyed and over 500 damaged. Pastoral communities have been particularly affected, with 26,000 animals lost—an extreme increase from 1,352 in 2016. The Timbuktu region has suffered the greatest impact, with two thirds of the overall number of affected people and almost all of the lost animals.

    Sierra Leone

    On 14 August, the top of Sugar Loaf Mountain collapsed after weeks of heavy rain, triggering catastrophic landslides and floods in and around Freetown. Over 6,000 people were directly affected and about 600 deaths reported. A UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team was deployed by OCHA from 18 August – 7 September. By 5 September, distributions of food and non-food items reportedly reached over 85 per cent of affected people. The UN system in Sierra Leone continues to support national recovery.

    Ghana

    Flooding in Ghana's northern region displaced an estimated 11,800 people and caused 7 deaths, as of 24 August. 147 communities in 11 districts were affected. The National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) has distributed relief items such as mattresses, blankets, portable water and bags of rice. Earlier in the season, on 10 July, the following regions were declared flood emergencies and/or under threat of floods with potential to cause devastation: Greater Accra, Central Western and Eastern (IFRC).

    Central African Republic

    The town of Kouango, in the prefecture of Ouaka, last registered with floods in 2007, recorded some 1,750 affected people and at least 276 houses destroyed, as of 16 September (IFRC). Mobilization is underway, including a DREF request by the CAR Red Cross. Prolonged rainfall in the post-conflict area risks threatening food and agriculture and increasing vulnerability to conflict. Torrential rains on 9-10 September resulted in severe flooding in Kabo, a town in north-central CAR, and some villages on the Farazala axis, collapsing some 800 houses. The presence of armed groups in the area is a potential risk to the vulnerable population.


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